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The Not So Big House, A Blueprint for the Way We Really Live, by Sarah Susanka, was originally published in 1998. Twenty-two years later, as Americans struggle with a global pandemic, we are spending more time together in our homes than we have in decades. For the last few months, families have been experiencing the nuances of our personal dwellings, for good or bad, all day every day with little relief.
All of this extra time spent inside has brought the contrast between how a home should function vs. how our homes actually function into sharp relief. Some of our clients are now considering large remodels or even starting over because their homes simply weren’t designed for 24/7 use by all family members at the same time.
At this moment in history, we have an opportunity to rethink the way we approach how we work with our clients to design their homes.
The overarching theme of Susanka’s Not So Big House is quality trumps quantity when it comes to building a home. Livability is far more important than square footage. However, in order to build or renovate a high quality home, the homeowner needs to shift their mindset around budget, especially in regards to dollars per square foot.
According to Susanka, in order to build Not So Big, the same investment should be used to build a home approximately 30% smaller than originally planned. The extra funds are devoted to architectural character, features, and materials that enhance the livability of the home and improve its ability to support its occupants’ lifestyle.
Chaden Halfhill, founder and CEO of Silent Rivers Design Build in Clive, Iowa, believes that a home’s value is intrinsically tied to our health and wellness, our personal narrative, and sensibility. He says, “If we look at housing as an extension of who we are, then the house should serve us. It doesn’t mean a bigger house…it means a house that’s well thought out and embraces who we are and how we live.”
Not So Big goes far beyond simply building a smaller relatively expensive home. The idea of quality does not translate solely into more luxurious finishes or fixtures. Not So Big is more concerned with the quality of the space and how the space functions and provides for the people who inhabit it.
However, one of the major challenges with building Not So Big is the concept of value. Halfhill says, “Not So Big is about learning to live in smaller spaces and putting the investment into the details, finishes and sensibilities. But appraisal systems don’t reward this approach when it comes to financing and resale.”
He believes that the more Not Big Houses that we build as an industry, the more precedents will exist that reinforce the concept of quality over quantity. Furthermore, Not So Big homes may cost the same amount to build as a larger home, but they should require less money to maintain over time due to their smaller footprint and higher quality building materials. A true Not So Big house is built to last and designed for multiple generations to inhabit and enjoy. Unfortunately the appraisal system does not take maintenance costs into consideration when determining a home’s value.
So why are the Not So Big principles, based in large part on Christopher Alexander’s A Pattern Language published in 1977, not just relevant but imperative for the home building industry in 2020?
Values Based Decision Making Drives Home Design
The Millennial generation makes up the next wave of home builders, with the oldest millennials turning forty in the next year. Many Millennials are much more concerned with quality over quantity, and this value influences the food they eat, the clothes they wear, the trips they take, and the homes they buy or build. They can tend towards minimalism and are less interested in superfluous stuff or space.
Millennials and Gen Xers, who are now in their mid 40s to late 50s, are also more health and environmentally conscious and interested in sustainable and ethical products and materials than their parents’ generation. (I’m part of the odd neither-here-nor-there generation that can identify as Millennial or Gen X, and I share many of the preferences and values ascribed to Millennials especially in regards to consumerism and lifestyle.) Not So Big principles dovetail nicely with these preferences as sustainability often comes with a higher price tag.
When building smaller, home owners have the luxury of choosing materials from manufacturers that share their values instead of being driven by cost. They may also choose to incorporate hand-crafted elements by local artisans and makers thereby incorporating their values of creativity and community into their homes.
I first dipped my toes into the sustainability waters through my wardrobe, and over the past few years, sustainable and ethical manufacturing has become a bigger part of my value system. I prefer to source materials, furniture, and other elements from ethical companies and to support small local businesses and craftspeople whenever possible. I feel like this is an important way to marry my love for a very consumerism driven industry with my personal values.
Embracing Technology in Modern Home Design
Technology has had a huge impact on lifestyles and homes as well. For example, we no longer need filing cabinets in our offices. We work on laptops instead of large desktop computers (I often work from my sofa, my patio, or my kitchen counter). Massive stereo systems are a relic of the past, and televisions mount flush to the wall with all of their components, if any, tucked away in a closet.
Books are consumed digitally, turning the display and storage of books into a personal preference rather than one of necessity. We see many new-construction clients opting out of large built-ins with open shelving and remodeling clients ripping out their existing built-ins. Our clients are telling us they want less stuff, less clutter, and less work cleaning and dusting.
We can take advantage of these advances in technology to help us shrink the footprint of the homes we design. Less stuff requires less storage space. An office can be carved out of a corner in a guest room or tucked into a closet. Shelving can be dedicated to the items we actually use vs. those we think we might use again one day.
The Role of Architects and Designers in Crafting Unique Not So Big Houses
Architects, builders, and designers have a responsibility to take our time during the planning and budgeting process so that we can help our clients understand what they really need from their homes. We must have in-depth conversations and ask thought provoking questions to get to the heart of their needs, so that we can create a home that supports their actual lifestyle rather than an aspirational version of their lifestyle.
Not So Big challenges us to weave the personal narrative and stories of our clients into their homes, which means each house we design and build should be unique to that particular client.
For the client who commits to building Not So Big, we have a duty throughout the process to reign them in when their wish list for square footage compromises their budget for including the necessary character. We also need to question societal norms for custom homes like the dedicated guest room, massive kitchens, multiple living rooms and dining spaces, and each child having their own room. We may need to have tough conversations with our clients, and they may ultimately decide Not So Big is not for them.
Shouldn’t that be the goal for every custom home design: a house that reflects the values, character, and lifestyle of its occupants and empowers them towards their best life?